Beyond simple penetration, the Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas were fascinated by the idea of creation through sex, so the act was conceived as something magical. They believed that just like the fertilized seed that can give birth to a new plant, female and male reproductive organs carried an undecipherable enigma inside them. This life's mystery was always present in their cosmology.
One passage from the creation of the world according to Aztec mythology involves the act of masturbation as a central element. Codex Magliabechiano, a sixteenth century manuscript, gives an account of how flowers and spring were born from the semen of Quetzalcoatl, the god creator.
Various myths and traditions acknowledge how sexuality and masturbation were widespread practices in Latin-America before the Spanish conquest. In the southern regions of Mexico and Central America, the Maya people would carve wooden objects to masturbate with them. In addition to fulfill pleasure, these masturbating rituals were also a predominant custom in all of Central-America. Their meaning was similar to that of sexuality in Aztec cosmology.
The mystical aspect of sex was a cardinal point of all pre-Columbian civilizations. Not only did it represent their deep relationship with nature, but it was also an element that maintained the natural order of everything. Sexuality, far from being a perversion or an offense against God, was
a way for humanity to honor life.
You may also like:
Navarrete Cáceres, Carlos "Acercamientos a la masturbación ritual en Mesoamérica", en Arqueología Mexicana, Vol. 18, Nº 104, 2010.
Dupey García, Élodie, "De pieles hediondas y perfumes florales. La reactualización del mito de la creación de las flores en las fiestas de las veintenas de los antiguos nahuas", en Estudios de cultura Náhuatl, UNAM, 2013.
Translated by Andrea Valle Gracia