How To Know Your Type Of Skin According To Science

How To Know Your Type Of Skin According To Science

Avatar of Andrea Mejía

By: Andrea Mejía

October 11, 2017

Lifestyle How To Know Your Type Of Skin According To Science
Avatar of Andrea Mejía

By: Andrea Mejía

October 11, 2017

Do you want to know what product is the best for you? First, you need to know your skin type.

You probably keep hearing about beauty trends, creams, oils, serums, and routines that promise to change your life forever. However, one key thing many articles and blogs forget to mention is the type of skin you have. Before adding a new product to your beauty routine, you need to know your skin type. Otherwise, the new product can end up being useless or, worse, it could damage your skin.

How To Know Your Type Of Skin According To Science 1

There are five main skin types:



We could say this the most “perfectly-balanced” skin type because it's not too dry or too oily. The main advantage of this type of skin is that it isn’t that sensitive to skin care products and it usually has almost no imperfections. Pores are barely visible, and it's pretty easy to make it look healthy with a simple routine.



The most common type of skin, it has areas with normal type of skin and others with the oily type. Oily skin is often found in the famous “T-zone” (forehead, nose, and chin). Pores look more open than in the normal type, and the skin is prone to blackheads.



This type of skin has less elasticity, so it can easily peel, crack, or become irritated. In the worst cases, it can even become scaly. Pores are almost invisible, but expression lines are easier to see.



Because it has larger pores, it is prone to blackheads, pimples, and acne. It looks shiny and changes with the weather or other factors such as stress, hormonal changes, and heat. For this type of skin, you should look for products that won't clog your pores.



It looks similar to dry skin. But redness, irritation, itching, and burning can be triggered by specific products or external factors, like the sun or wind. It can be caused by skin disorders –like eczema or contact dermatitis­– or allergies.

How To Know Your Type Of Skin According To Science 2


By now you might have started to figure out what type of skin you have. I mean, you’ve lived all your life with your skin, so you must have an idea of how it reacts to certain environments or products. However, if you want a more accurate understanding of your skin type, you can ask yourself these three simple questions:


1. How does your skin feel?

First things first, before you start touching your face, wash it with a pH balanced or Aloe-Vera cleanser. Do not apply any serums, creams, or oils because it could change the feel of your skin. Wait thirty minutes and look at your skin or touch it (don’t forget to wash your hands first, please!). If it is shinier or oilier on the T-zone, it is either combination or normal skin. If the shine covers all your face, it’s probably oily. If your skin feels tight and barely shines, it’s probably dry. Also, you can clean your face with blotting paper and see how much oil appears on it and on which zones it is located.


2. How do your pores look?

Having checked how shiny or tight your skin feels, simply look at your face on the mirror and see whether your pores are noticeable or not. Taking into consideration the previous point, you can determine how dry or oily your skin is. With sensitive skin, the way your pores look tends to vary throughout the day or depending on what products you use.

3. How often do you need moisturizer?

Not every skin needs moisturizer. Another way to determine your skin type is by seeing whether you need it or not, and in case you do, how often you need it. For instance, moisturizer only makes oily skin even oilier if they’re applied too often, whereas dry skin needs moisturizer to look healthy after you wash your face. The same thing happens with sensitive skin. The key is finding a moisturizer that’s gentle on the skin, so the safest bet is to go for pH-balanced products or those specifically made for them. As for normal and combination skin, moisturizer helps once in a while, and especially in the case of the latter, the T-zone barely needs it. 

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These steps can help you determine what skin type you have. However, if you want to be completely sure, pay a visit to your dermatologist. Besides, they can also help you find the best treatment and routines to keep your skin looking healthy and beautiful.



Here are other beauty tips you can check out:

 7 Secrets From Emma Watson's Beauty Routine

The Korean Skin Care Routine That Will Change Your Life